## Pattern Drafting 101- Drafting the Basic Bodice Block

14 July, 2010The Basic Bodice Block- the only pattern you’ll ever need to make any kind of garment for the upper body- tees, blouses, tanks, sweaters, coats, vests, even bras! Drafting the Basic Bodice Block requires a knowledge of basic high-school geometry, but once you’ve finished, you have a universal pattern for all your upper body sewing needs fit to your own body, not to a set of predetermined body measurements based on the “average” person.

(These instructions taken from Gedwoods of Burdastyle.com. I have simply rewritten them for ease of reading. His original instructional post can be found here.)

First things first, you will need:

- Your body and a measuring tape
- a ruler, preferably a long one
- a large pad of paper, or several sheets of printer paper taped together. Your paper should be 2″ wider than half your bust measurement.
- pencils and erasers
- a french curve, specifically one designed for working armholes and necklines

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Because the original measurements are metric, and their US standard equivalents would be near impossible to accurately measure (1/5 of an inch?), I’m going to stick with the metric measurements.

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**Step 1: Mark Your Origin**.** **Orient your paper in landscape orientation, or with the longest dimension running horizontally in front of you. Mark a point in the upper left hand corner about 1cm from either edge of the paper. This is your origin point, your home base, and all your measurements and lines are going to be based on this point. Mark this point O.

**Step 2: Square Off. **From your origin point O, measure down 1.5cm parallel to the vertical edge of the paper and draw a line to that point. Mark that point A.

**Step 3: Armscye Depth. **From point A, you will now measure down the armscye depth plus 0.5cm. The armscye is half the circumference of the arm at the shoulder joint. Mark the end point B.

**Step4: Bust Width. **From point B, draw a line perpendicular to line AB. This line will be half the length of the bust measurement plus 5cm. Mark the end point of that line C.

**Step 5: Drawing upwards from point C**, draw a line parallel to line OB, for the same distance as the length of OB. If your bust measurement is 92cm or below, mark this point D. For bust sizes above 92cm, get out your calculator- you’re going to add 1/8th of the distance above 92cm. For example, someone with a 100cm bust measurement is 8cm above 92cm. 1/8th of 8cm is 1cm. Add this amount to the line you just drew off of point C, and mark the endpoint D. Draw a light line connecting points D and O. You’ll be erasing this line later.

**Step 6: Return to Point O.** Drawing straight down again from point O, parallel to the vertical edge of the paper, mark the distance from the nape of the neck to the waist. I have a trick for finding the nape of my neck: Tip your head back as far as it will go, and rest two fingers on your neck where the back of the head and the back of the neck meet. Don’t force them into the crevice, just rest them there so that the tops of your fingers are touching your head and the bottoms are on your neck. Lift your head again, and your middle finger will be on your nape. The waist is the smallest point of the torso, and can be found by tying a narrow strip of elastic snuggly around your waist and bending your body- the elastic will roll to the narrowest part of your torso, your waist. Measure along the spine between these two points. Mark the endpoint of this new line point E.

**Step 7: Square off** as shown below. Mark the corner point F.

**Step 8: The Neck. **Go back to point O, and measure across 1/5th of the neck measurement (taken around the neck at the nape) minus 0.2cm. Mark this point G. You need not connect points O and G, but if you choose to, draw the line lightly, as it will need to be erased later.

**Step 9: Using the French Curve, **draw a shallow curve from points A to G. This is your back neckline edge.

**Step 10: Returning to Point A. **Measure down from point A 1/5th of the armscye measurement minus 0.7cm. Mark this point H. From Point H, draw a line perpendicular to the line OB that is half the distance of line BC (see illustration below).

**Step 11: Shoulder Measurement.** The shoulder measurement is somewhat tricky to get; you will probably need a second set of hands to help you out. To measure the shoulders, stretch the measuring tape across your back, from the very end of one shoulder to the very end of the other. Make a note of the measurement, you will need it later. Now, with your ruler zeroed on point G, pivot your ruler until the distance you need to mark (1/2 of the Shoulder Measurement + 1cm) intersects with the line your drew in Step 10. Mark the intersection point I. (A reader pointed out to me that these two lines may not intersect smoothly. If you’re finding that Line H is too short to accommodate your shoulder measurement, go ahead and extend line H out to fit. Remember, this sort of thing is based on averages and the “average” body structure, but in reality, not everyone conforms to that average.)

**Step 12: Find the Point** halfway between points G and I. Mark that point J. From point J, measure 5cm down and 1cm to the left. Mark this point K. Point K is the end of the shoulder dart.

**Step 13: From Point K, **draw two diagonal lines up to line GI. They should intersect with the line 1cm apart, and the lines should be of equal length.

**Step 14: Back Measurement. **From point B, measure and mark half the back measurement plus 0.5cm along the line BC. An easy way to obtain the back measurement is to put on a fitted t-shirt and measure across the back from armscye seam to armscye seam at the narrowest point (across the shoulder blades). Mark this point L.

**Step 15: Square up** from point L to the line HI. Mark the intersection point M. Be sure to pencil in this line lightly, as you’ll be erasing it later on.

**Step 16: Find the point** halfway between L and M. Mark this point N. Also, find the point halfway between B and L. Mark this point P. Measure the distance between B and P, and mark this distance along the horizontal line from point E. Mark the end point Q. Draw a dashed line from Point P to Point Q.

**Step 17: Moving to the Other Side, **measure 1/5th of the neck measurement plus 0.7cm from point D, along the line DO. Mark this new point R.

**Step 18: Measure Down** from point D 1/5th of the neck measurement minus 0.2cm. Mark this point S.

**Step 19: Using your French Curve, **draw a deep curved line from point R to point S. This is the front neckline edge.

**Step 20: Bust Dart. **From point C, measure towards point B the distance on 1/2 the Chest measurement plus 1/2 the dart size. Mark that Point T. This part can get a little tricky. To obtain the chest measurement, subtract the back measurement from the bust measurement. The dart size is not actually a measurement, but it is scaled with the bust size. To find your dart size, start with a 7cm dart and add 0.6cm to it for every 4 cm of bust above 88cm. Subtract the same amount from 7cm for every 4cm of bust below 88cm. So, a 100 cm bust has a 8.8cm dart, while a 84cm bust has a 6.4cm dart. Make note of your dart size. Draw a vertical line up from point T to just below line HI.

**Step 21: Find the Halfway Point** between points C and T. Mark this point U. Draw a dashed vertical line downward to intersect with line EF. Mark the intersection point V. This is the mid front line.

**Step 22: Mark the Bust Point** 2.5 cm below point U. Mark this point BP.

**Step 23: Using the Dart Size **from step 20, measure from point R along the line DO. Mark the resulting point W. Now draw a line from point R to the Bust Point (BP), and from point BP to point W. These are the sides of your bust dart.

**Step 24: Shift Your Attention** to the construction line passing through points H, M, and I. Measure down 1.5cm and lightly draw in a new construction line, parallel to the first, across the middle of the block.

**Step 25: Repeat the Pivoting Motion **we did in step 11. Zero your ruler on point W and pivot the ruler until it crosses the construction line at the distance of the shoulder measurement. Mark this intersection point X.

**Step 26: Measure Upwards **1/3 of the armscye depth measurement from point T and mark that point Y. Find the halfway point between points L and T. Mark that point Z. Draw a dashed vertical line down from point Z until it intersects the waistline (line EF), and mark that intersection point AA.

**Step 27: Draw A Small Diagonal** inward-pointing line from Point L and Point T. The length of that line will vary depending on your bust size.

Bust Measurement | L Length | T Length |

82cm or smaller | 2.25cm | 1.75cm |

82-94cm | 2.5cm | 2cm |

94-107cm | 3cm | 2.5cm |

Above 107cm | 3.5cm | 3cm |

**Step 28:Using your French Curve, **draw in the armscye curve so that it passes smoothly through the construction points I-M-L Segment-Z-T Segment-Y-X.

**Step 29: Extend the line DF** downwards by 0.5 – 1.5cm, depending on your bust measurement (0.5cm for small, 1.0cm for intermediate, 1.5cm for large). Mark the endpoint AB. Draw a line from AB to E. This ensures that the waist remains horizontal and doesn’t ride up.

**Step 30: Draw in Darts** around each of the threedashed lines that extend from the lower boundary of the block (line AB to E) to the line BC. And this is where Gedwood’s directions become a little fuzzy and convoluted, so I’m going to attempt to unravel them:

(Thanks to Muushka for helping me to clarify these instructions!) At the end of this, what’s left of line E AB should measure out to ((Bust Measurement +3) + (Waist Measurement + 6))/2. For example, if you’re working with an 88cm bust and a 65cm waist, the math should go as follows

((88+3)+(65+6))/2

88+3=91

65+6=71

91-71=20 (This is the amount that needs to be taken out in darts all around)

20/2= 10 (This is how much we need to take out in darts on the pattern)

Dividing up the darts as evenly as possible, we get Back=3cm, Side=3cm, Front=4cm

**Step 31: Redraw Your Block** outline and cut along these lines to get the final, close-fitting basic bodice block!

Thanks for trying to clear up how to add in the darts on the waist. I’ve got Aldrich’s book and I’m still a little confused. When you’re subtracting the bust and waist – is it the whole waist and bust measurements? For example, I’m using a 88cm bust and 65cm waist. So 88cm+3cm-65cm = 26cm+6cm=32cm. So I would need to scale down my darts so the total waist line would equal 32cm? (but as this 1/2 a block, wouldn’t that be 1cm too short than my actual waist measurement of 65cm?)

by muushka 11 September, 2010 at 9:24 pmSince you’re working with an 88cm bust and a 65cm waist, the math should go as follows:

88+3=91

65+6=71 (Since we want the waist measurement + 6cm to be there at the end, we’re going to take it out now.)

91-71=20 (This is the amount that needs to be taken out in darts all around)

20/2= 10 (This is how much we need to take out in darts in the pattern)

You would need to remove 10cm from the block pattern waist (for a total of 20 cm all around). I would divide out your darts like so: Back – 3cm, Side – 3cm, Front – 4cm.

Sorry if that came out confusing in the post, I’ll go through in just a few minutes and clarify that. Thanks for bringing it to my attention.

by opensourcestitches 2 January, 2011 at 2:02 pmHello,

I’ve been trying to learn pattern drafting for a while now. I’ve bought a book and scoured the internet but everything is geared towards humans. In the example you’ve given here, at certain points you say to add .5cm or 1.5cm. What are these for, and can they be converted smaller or larger depending on what you’re sewing for?

I want to make patterns for 1/3 scale ball jointed doll. It’s made of resin and its body has no give, so I’m assuming the measurements and patterns have to be perfect. But everything I’ve read says to use your main measurement plus __cm or inches, and it’s really throwing me off. Do I divide that by 1/3 for the correct size to add to the doll pattern?

by Aeri 9 December, 2010 at 12:05 amThe additional .5 to 1.5 cm shouldn’t make too much of a difference, but it’s a judgement call. Having worked in small scale and handled BJD’s before, I’d say your best bet is to try it with the additional .5-1.5 cm and see how it looks. If you don’t like it, you can always go back and do it again. I can throw all kinds of numbers and figures at you but the heart and soul of fashion design lies in experimentation.

by opensourcestitches 2 January, 2011 at 1:46 pmThank you very much for posting a simple and descriptive lesson for drafting a jacket pattern. I was wondering if this could be adapted for a mens jacket. And if so, would it have something to do with deleting the darts?

Thanks, tony

by tony 23 January, 2011 at 6:32 pmThis pattern is more specifically used for drafting shirts, such as women’s bodices, blouses, corsets, etc. To answer your question, however, YES IT CAN! That’s what I love about block patterns, they’re so versatile. In a few days, I’ll be putting up instructions for outerwear and jackets, so be sure to check back soon!

by opensourcestitches 2 February, 2011 at 3:47 pmHi! Just to clarify – when you are talking of shoulder measurement and then calculating point I, you use HALF of the shoulder measurement to place point I, no? Otherwise the proposed drafting makes no sense as my shoulder-to-shoulder is 20 inches and if I draw this distance from point G to intersect line H, it will never happen. Can you explain? thanks! (even if it’s half of shoulder-to-shoulder, it’s problematic to intersect line H from point G, because my line H is half of BC, or 9 inches.

by Irina 8 February, 2011 at 1:48 pmIrina- You make a wonderful point. That probably should say

by opensourcestitches 13 February, 2011 at 5:11 pmhalfof the shoulder measurement. Thank you for pointing that out to me. As for your dilemma, my advice would be to intersect them as best you can- you may have to extend out Line H in order to accomplish this. Extending line H *shouldn’t* mess anything up too badly, since the end of Line H gets largely ignored after this point, and, in fact, eventually gets erased.Hi,

I’m half way through this and stuck.

First of all I noticed the issue with the ‘half of the half’ the other commenter has pointed out, it took quite a while to figure it out. Perhaps you could edit the wording so more people don’t fall into the same trap?

I’m currently stuck on the line B to L, which seems to be completely off. My B to L lines sits HALFway across my work, whereas yours is more of a third. I think this is probably just some misunderstanding because you’ve written the instructions somewhat oddly (as above, saying its half when its actually half again).

Not sure if anyone else is having this problem or just me😦

Fran

by Fran 19 February, 2011 at 8:14 pmFran- I’m a little confused, I can’t find the “half of the half” issue- which step number was it? I’ll go in and see if I can make that clearer.

by Ellie Belle 20 February, 2011 at 11:56 amThe line BL should be 1/2 of the measurement across the back from the underarm to opposite underarm, at the level of the largest part of the bust. I can see a similar problem to what you’ve described if the chest measurement was too small (Line BC) or the half back measurement was too big- oh, wait. I think I may have found the problem- thank you! (This is still in first draft stage, so any comments I get on how to improve the wording or any other problems that arise during construction are greatly appreciated.

I was wrong, the line BL does not go from underarm to underarm. The line BL goes from

shouldertoshoulder(if you put on a really fitting t-shirt, it should go from armscye seam to armscye seam at the narrowest point.) THAT should be the discrepancy you were finding- I can see that easily adding 4in to your overall measurement. Try measuring from armscye to armscye while wearing a fitted t-shirt, that should give you a more accurate measurement, and use 1/2 of that to draw the line BL.i do i master drafting with ease am taking ages to understantd it but passionate about fashion

by nakitto innocent 22 February, 2011 at 12:45 pmThanks for this explanaition. I’ve linked to this post on my blog.

by Antonina 6 April, 2011 at 4:28 amHi what is Llenthg and Tlenght

by pouran 11 April, 2011 at 1:49 pmRegards and thanks

Thanks so much for the detailed instructions of this basic bodice block.

Have you by any chance done a basic block for women dress?

by Eileen 8 June, 2011 at 4:05 pmComing up soon, Eileen!

by Ellie Belle 23 June, 2011 at 6:37 pmHi Ellie!

by Veronica 1 August, 2011 at 11:47 amI am so excited to have found your blog. I have been wanting to learn to sew for like forever. I will try out your pattern instructions and see how it goes, don’t think it should be too hard as the instruction are simple. One question though, sorry I have zero knowledge of drafting or sewing, I noticed that you have darts at the top of the bodice block, I don’t see darts on much any clothing I buy, what do you do with those?

I was hoping someone would ask that! That gets past the block pattern stage and gets into pattern drafting and design, which I had planned to get to later in the series. As I seem to be falling terribly, terribly behind in that (and I promise I will get back to it once I’m out of school), I can give you a little mini tutorial right now. The front and back of the bodice both have a dart at the shoulder, and getting rid of them is fairly easy. Do you see the point on the front of the bodice where the two darts meet? This is the bust point, the highest point on your chest. To remove either dart, cut out the darts and rotate the piece around the bust point so that one dart narrows while the other dart opens. Close up the dart you don’t want, trace the pattern piece again, and you’ve got yourself one less dart! To do the same thing to the back, just draw a line between the two dart points (since they probably won’t be touching), cut along that line, and repeat the process above.

This page here has some good information on dart moving: http://etherealland.com/tatterdemalion/2007/02/03/crash-course-in-dart-moving/

by Ellie Belle 3 September, 2011 at 12:23 pmAmazing tutorial! Very clear. Thank you so much…:)

by Zerry 5 August, 2011 at 10:26 am